Physical therapy is a treatment method that has been used for thousands of years to eliminate various physical disabilities and to restore strength to skeletal muscle tissue. Physical therapy, which has been applied with different techniques for a long time, is applied to eliminate discomforts that limit the person’s mobility and cause pain in different parts of the body. Especially tissue damages caused by accidents and diseases can be eliminated with the help of regular physical therapy exercises. The branch of physical therapy and rehabilitation, to which patients are directed with the recommendation of a physician, is used as the primary method in the treatment of many diseases.
What Is Physiotherapy?
A sedentary lifestyle and poor lifestyle habits can lead to muscle weakness and various problems in the musculoskeletal system. When the muscles do not have the necessary strength, problems such as the body not being able to be carried as needed and the formation of joint pains in different parts of the body, especially the spine, occur. In such cases, the treatment applied to give the muscles their old strength and support the skeletal system is called physical therapy.
In physical therapy, posture disorders and muscle imbalances are reorganized and thus flexibility and mobility are restored to the body. During this time, painful conditions such as nerve compression and muscle spasms caused by bad habits are also eliminated. Physical therapy is done by regularly repeating exercises aimed at solving the current problem without straining or tiring the body. The goal during this application is to give the muscles their old strength over time and remind them of their potential to move. Therefore, it is possible to improve the patient’s quality of life and make the body functions functional again with regular and correctly applied physical therapy exercises.
By Whom Is Physiotherapy Applied?
In physical therapy applications, it is very important to plan and perform the exercises specifically for the individual. In fact, while the movements done correctly and plannedly prevent more serious disorders, the wrong movements can cause irreversible permanent muscle or skeletal damage. Therefore, the exercises must be done under the control of an expert and in the right way. People who have the necessary expertise to perform physical therapy exercises are called physical therapists. The person who is referred by the physical therapist physician when necessary is also known as a physical therapist.
In patients whose pain and complaints do not decrease despite the use of prescription drugs, the priority treatment is to start exercises with the suggestion of a physical therapist. Trained and certified physical therapist experts are responsible for creating an exercise plan that is appropriate for the patient’s pain area, severity, and type. At the same time, it is also included in the job description of a physical therapist to have the patient perform these movements in a controlled manner. When the movements repeated several days a week are continued regularly, a decrease in patient complaints is observed. These exercises, also known as orthopedic physiotherapy, help to eliminate the problems caused by inactivity in the patient and to treat them without leaving a permanent damage.
Which Diseases Is Physiotherapy Used In The Treatment Of?
The application area of physical therapy is quite wide. Sports injuries, traumas, problems such as fracture dislocation, sedentary life or various bone diseases can be corrected with physical therapy. In addition, everyone, regardless of women, men, old, young or children, may need physical therapy at some point in their lives. Many goals such as recovering faster after surgical operations, returning to the old standard of living after pregnancy or eliminating posture disorders can be achieved with regular exercise.
The situations where physiotherapy is preferred are generally listed as follows:
- Joint diseases
- Spinal diseases
- Pain caused by sprains
- Neck, waist and back hernias
- Treatment after knee surgery
- Muscle spasms
- Joint pain
- Soft tissue rheumatism
- Sports injuries or accidents
- Severe traumas such as fractures and dislocations
- Muscle weakness
- Joint stiffness
- Treatment before and after surgery
- Nerve and tendon injuries
- Recovery after tendon rupture surgery
- Bone resorption
- Paralysis or stroke
- Brain haemorrhage
- Lymph circulation disorders
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Skeletal-muscular problems after pregnancy
Benefits Of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy is a preferred method in the treatment of the above-mentioned conditions and much more. Physical therapy, which is very critical in order to prevent the progression of various diseases and to regain mobility, is very effective and curative. Many surgeries show a much better effect with physiotherapy, at the same time, the person’s return to daily life is much easier with regular exercise. In addition, physical therapy is of great importance in reducing the number of complications that may occur after the operation and getting the most effective result possible.
Physiotherapy, which has many advantages, helps to increase living standards as follows:
- It allows many diseases to be eliminated without the need for surgery and extra intervention.
- It does not require applications such as pain, pain, bleeding or needle.
- It is as risk-free as massage.
- It is a permanent and reliable method.
- It provides pain relief.
- It helps to create the basic infrastructure for a healthy life.
- It is effective in gaining body awareness.
- It prevents injuries that may occur due to weak and weak tissues or muscles in the body.
- It alleviates physical problems that increase with aging.
- It ensures that mobility is maximised.
- It is effective in the correct management of diabetes and vascular conditions.
As a result; Physical therapy movements, which are applied under the control of a specialist for a while and then on their own at home, are very important in order to reactivate the muscles that have been sleeping for a long time. With physical therapy, which is effective in gaining regular exercise habits, it is possible to improve the quality of life in general and to maintain healthy habits. Physical therapy applications, which provide the elimination of existing problems such as pain and pain in the short term, help to have a much better quality and trouble-free life in the long term.