Elbow pain can be caused by problems with the joint itself or the soft tissues around the joint. It can also be caused by referred pain from problems in nearby areas. Neck, shoulder, and hand-wrist pain can cause referred pain to the elbow. Referred pain is often felt as widespread pain in the arm.
What Are The Causes Of Elbow Pain?
Elbow pain is most commonly caused by overuse. Many activities, sports, and hobbies that require repetitive hand, wrist, and arm movements can cause elbow pain.
Many factors can contribute to pain formation, such as constantly squeezing a broken faucet at home, overworking your arms with excessive care, carrying heavy objects in a wrong position for a long time, and being exposed to wrong movements in the use of mouse and keyboard while using a computer.
If there is joint restriction in the elbow joint and there is a history of trauma in the elbow, fracture and dislocation of the elbow should be considered.
If there is swelling and redness in addition to joint restriction, the pain may be caused by inflammatory rheumatological diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis) that affect the joint, or infection (septic arthritis) should be considered if the joint is accompanied by fever, loss of appetite, and fatigue.
Gout disease should also be kept in mind among other rheumatological diseases that can affect the elbow. Osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis) is rare in the elbow joint. In diseases with blood clotting disorders, bleeding can occur in the elbow, and joint destruction can develop with repeated bleeding.
Among the pains caused by the tissues around the joint, tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis), golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis), muscle tears and strains, elbow ligament injuries, olecranon bursitis, nerve compression syndromes (cubital tunnel syndrome, posterior interosseous nerve syndrome), myofascial pain syndrome, and fibromyalgia can be counted.